To save tigers, we need to protect the forest habitats across Asia where they live. By saving biologically diverse places, we allow tigers to roam and preserve the many other endangered species that live there. As a large predator, the tiger plays a key role in maintaining healthy ecosystems.
Reason For Tiger Disappearing
Deforestation loss of Habitat
Forests are being cut down for various purposes like paper, palm, housing, furniture, firewood. Deforestation has been the cause of a truly massive number of species extinction in modern times and historical times. It always lacks the large biodiversity of its previous state. With the disappearance of the original forest, many species go extinct, and many that don’t lose a great deal of their genetic diversity and variation.
Consumers demand for tiger body parts poses the largest threat to the tiger. Tigers are being illegally hunted for their skin, bones, teeth, nails, etc. which are highly valuable for medicinal use and remedies. In the past 10 years over 1000 tigers are hunted to meet the consumer demand. Chinese people use tiger skin and other body parts for medicinal use and black magic with the disappearance of the original forest, many species go extinct, and many that don’t lose a great deal of their genetic diversity and variation.
Spread of disease among tiger population
There is certain disease that spread like an epidemic. Diseases like Feline Panleukopenia, Tuberculosis, Sarcocystis have to lead to endangered of tigers. Health Management of wildlife is neglecting.
Loss of Habitat
Tigers need an intact habitat in order to live. They like to live in the depth of the thick forests. 100 sq km area is sufficient to survive about 15 to 16 tigers. Males’ tigers run throughout the forests to hunt and mate. Thus habitat loss causes birth rate and lowers overall survive.
It is mainly found on the continent of Asia. A decade ago, tigers were hunted for their skin and other body bones, so the Indian government declared the tiger a national animal.
Conservation Status on Save Tigers
How To Protect Tigers?
With the population of tigers dwindling at an alarming rate, many countries across the world have launched campaigns that are designed to help increase the tiger population. One of the most important campaigns launched by India is the Project Tiger, which was launched by the first woman prime minister of India – Indira Gandhi. The project was very successful in its endeavour, tripping the number of Bengal tigers from 1,200 (1973) to 3,500 (1990). However, the numbers have significantly reduced again due to poaching.