A Certificate is one thing; a Job, another: The Colonial Public Service and the Southern Cameroons Educated Elite in the 1950s.
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 21 No. 3 (2020): Vol-21-Issue-3-March-2020
Research has established the belated and underdeveloped nature of colonial education in Southern Cameroons throughout the British period of administration (1916-1961). Regarding higher education, the number of university graduates was far less than the man-power demands at independence with implications on the political and economic growth of the territory. This shortage did not mean that Southern Cameroonian graduates who returned to the territory especially before independence had easy access to jobs at their levels of education in the colonial public service. The paper draws archival materials to argue that Southern Cameroonians suffered from a double imperialism from Nigerians and the British colonial authorities which not only made it hard for them to be employed in the Cameroons but also ensured that when they did, promotion was hard to come by. It concludes that the colonial civil services in Africa especially at senior executive ranks continued to be used as an avenue to reduce unemployment in Europe to the detriment of young highly educated indigenes.