Work motivation of teachers : relationship with transformational and transactional leadership behavior of college principals
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 8 No. 2 (2007): Vol-8-Issue-2-February-2007
The strength of an educational system largely depends upon the quality of its teachers. It is a teacher
who helps to transform an individual into a person of imagination, wisdom, human love and
enlightenment, and institutions into lampposts of posterity, and the country into a learning society. The
National Policy on Education (1986) has rightly remarked “The status of the teacher reflects the sociocultural
ethos of a society; It is in this context that today a teacher occupies a unique and significant
place in any society.
It is observed that, with the expansion of higher education over the years in terms of number of
universities and colleges and the student strength, its quality and standards have fallen. This issue has
engaged the attention of educationists for several years and various committees and commissions
have suggested measures for improving the quality of higher education. The Radhakrishnan
Commission in 1948, the Kothari Commission in 1964-66, the National Commission on Teachers in
higher education, the Government of India documents like Challenges of Education, Policy on
Education (1986) and the Review Committee of the NPE (1986), known as the Acharya Ramamurthy
Committee, expressed their concern over the deterioration of the standards of higher education and
recommended several steps for bringing about improvement in the quality of education at this stage.
Among all the factors responsible, for the deteriorating standards in higher education, the “teacher” has
been identified as the key factor. His characteristics, qualifications, his attitude towards the profession,
his competency, his professional skills, his capacity for leadership and motivation to work affect the
quality of education. The modern society very badly needs teachers who are not only knowledgeable
but also highly motivated and committed to their profession and sincere in their efforts for doing good
to the society.