The 2007 General Elections In Nigeria: The Implication
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 8 No. 3 (2007): Vol-8-Issue-3-March-2007
Democracy is said to be consolidated when all parties and individuals operate freely in a competitive
and transparent environment; where stakeholders are guided by the rule of law, fair play and respect for
group and individual rights.
In political systems that approximate the ideal of democracy, the vote and election are meaningful.
Elections place some individuals in power and reject the claims of others. Elections most typically are
retrospective judgments on the conduct of the person and party that has held power. Those who have
given satisfaction are confirmed in the office, those who are held responsible for the poor performance
of the economy are dismissed from office.
The electoral retrospective judgment is not simply an assessment of individuals but a determination of
the quality of their work (Ross, K et al 1983; 20)
Generally, elections are not just the casting of votes to elect leaders, but also the active participation of
the people in governance. Being a basic civic responsibility for renewing the mandate of the elected by
the people, elections are pivotal to the wheel of democratic process and substances of democracy. In
this sense, elections are not a ritual, organized for people to queue up every four years to cast their
votes, but also a veritable process of changing leadership through peaceful means for improved socioeconomic
polices that benefit the people (LEMT Report 2003:1).