Parental Education, Parental Death, Poverty and Socio-economic Impact on School Attendance Status of Children in India
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 8 No. 4 (2007): Vol-8-Issue-4-April-2007
Parental education plays an important link for intergenerational mobility. Parental education is, of
course, one aspect of family background that influences children’s subsequent achievement as adults.
The general view is that the higher educated parents provide adequate environment, which facilitates
their children’s opportunities for educational attainments. There is also a positive relationship between
parental education, especially mother’s education, and educational attainment of children. Corwyn and
Bradely (2002) found that maternal education had the most consistent direct influence on children’s
cognitive and behavioural outcomes with some indirect influence through a cognitively stimulating home
There are several reasons why school attendance may be lower for the children whose father or mother
are dead than those parents are alive. The children whose parents are dead are more likely to live in a
worst condition than non-orphans, and lower household wealth may result in less investment in
schooling. Foster et al (1995) argue that orphans are not at any disadvantage over equally poor nonorphans.
Lloyd and Blanc (1996) studied that, controlling for wealth, ” the death of a parent appears to
make relatively little difference to children’s educational chances” (p. 290).