Performance-Reward Based for Teachers: Implications for Educational Outcomes in Nigerian Secondary Schools
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 8 No. 4 (2007): Vol-8-Issue-4-April-2007
Performance-related pay for teachers is being introduced in many countries, amidst much controversy
and opposition from teachers and unions alike (Denver, 2006; and Houston, 2006). The rationale for
these programmes is the notion that incentive pay may motivate teachers to improve their
performance. For example, in early December 2000, the Israeli Ministry of Education unveiled a new
teachers’ bonus experiment in forty-nine Israeli high schools. The main feature of the programme was
an individual performance bonus paid to teachers on the basis of their own students’ achievements.
The experiment included all English, Hebrew, Arabic, and Mathematics teachers who taught classes in
grades ten through twelve in advance of matriculation exams in these subjects in June 2001.
Performance-related pay is a situation in which teacher are offered bonus payments on the basis of
the performance of their classes in School Certificate Examinations and/or that of Joint Admission
Matriculation Board (JAMB) Examinations into Universities, this may be in certain subjects. The bonus
programme may be structured in a rank-order tournament among teachers, separately by subject.
Thus, teachers will be rewarded on the basis of their performance relative to other teachers of the