Social Problem And Remediation Through Social Development, The New Paradigm For Policy Framework In Nigeria: A Systematic Literature Review.
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 21 No. 5 (2020): Vol-21-Issue-5-May-2020
The existing gap between social problems and remediation measures requires a sociological shift towards social development as an alternative approach. Social development is society centric associated with cultural values of the community. Contemporary concerns expressed by families, government, mass media, public lectures and religious organisations about social problems are motivated by societal resources’ inaccessibility/ mismanagement, moral decadence and indiscipline manifesting in poverty, unemployment, social inequality ,kidnapping, drug abuse ,etc. The existence of social problems constitute barriers to advancement in the materially backward economy of Nigeria. The synthesis of sociological theoretical perspectives of functionalism, conflict, symbolic interactionism and structural strain theories on social problems constituted the theoretical framework of the paper. The paper contends that improving societal wellbeing through social development translates to achieving socio-economic development and reduction in occurrences of counter values. The paper concludes that indices of social development such as civic activism, gender equality, membership in clubs and associations, inter-group cohesion and interpersonal safety are essential conditions for remediating social problems, sustaining social values and development.