Sources Of Stress And Coping Strategies Of Universities’ Lecturers In Kwara State, Nigeria: Implications For Counselling
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 21 No. 6 (2020): Vol-21-Issue-6-June-2020
University lecturers are usually burdened with multiple tasks in combination with their family responsibilities and other social activities. This tends to expose them to a high level of stress. This study thus investigated the sources of stress and coping strategies of university lecturers in Kwara State, Nigeria. A survey design was adopted for the study using a proportionate sampling technique to select a sample of 346 lecturers from the Universities in Kwara State. A researchers-designed questionnaire on “Sources of Stress and Coping Strategies” was used to collect relevant data. The instrument has a reliability coefficient of 0.81 using a test re-test reliability method. The hypotheses were tested using an independent t-test at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study revealed that the major sources of stress experienced by Universities’ Lecturers in Kwara State are much work overload, an extension of work until the weekend and assigned with a difficult task. The study also revealed that Universities’ Lecturers in Kwara State cope with stress by doing periodic health check-up, discussing the personal problem with their spouses and discussing with more experienced people them for advice. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that the university authority should make the workload of university lecturers flexible. More staff and any task that seems too difficult for an individual should be delegated to two or more lecturers to avoid experiencing stress more than the required and counsellors should assist lecturers with adequate information on useful skills they could use to prevent and subdue stress.
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