Impact of Demographic Variable on Quality of Work Life: A Case Study of Private Taxi Drivers of Punjab (India)
Academic Leadership - Online Journal,
Vol. 21 No. 6 (2020): Vol-21-Issue-6-June-2020
The aim of the present study is to study the impact of demographic variable on dimensions of quality of work life (QWL). 300 private taxi drivers have been selected from Punjab state of India using convenient sampling technique. Factor analysis has been used for finding the factors this affects the QWL. Independent ‘t’ test and one way ANOVA has been used to determine difference in mean of various demographic variable with regards to dimensions of quality of work life. The null hypotheses has been rejected in case of (i) safety, health and well being (ii) job and social security and extent of interpersonal relations(with co-workers) with regard to age and in case of (i) unsocial working hours (sleep/fatigue related risks) with regards to place of origin, thereby proving that lack of safety, health and well being, job and social security and extent of interpersonal relations(with co-workers) are the major reasons due to which similar working conditions and quality of working life could not be provided to different age groups. Study further found migrant taxi drivers are facing more problems due to long working hours. The study suggests that along with better working conditions and congenital environment and job security, owner of taxi stands should ensure that education and awareness camps are organized specially for less educated drivers so that unorganized sector also can play a more intensive and active role in the Indian economy. The findings of this present study may have some practical significance for government especially Punjab government in designing their taxi drivers related legislations and policies.
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