Academic Leadership - Online Journal https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj <p>Academic Leadership Online Journal for the purpose of giving a state, regional, national, and international voice to scholars working in all fields that academic leadership addresses. Academic Leadership Journal ensures that quality research and scholarly activities of professionals in the academic field was advancing the research base of academic leadership and that a professional forum must be initiated in which research and scholarship could be highlighted for the good of the academic profession and those the profession serves. EDUindex is privileged to to continue and expand the scope of the Journal through the world.</p> en-US editor@academicleadership.org (Editor) Wed, 24 Jun 2020 12:04:56 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Boost Immunity With Seaweed Against Covid-19 https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/707 <p><em>Seaweed contains an enormous amount of vital nutrients Carbohydrates, Protein, Dietary fiber, Vitamins and Minerals. </em><em>Seaweeds can help to build and sustain the broad nutritional balance in the body. Epidemiological evidence suggests that regular seaweed consumption may protect against the diseases of modernity. Among the functional effectiveness of the seaweed, nutritional and health related benefits have been widely studied in many countries. Regularly consuming the seaweed based fiber diet has been shown to encourage the healthy growth of intestinal flora, which is the good bacteria that work to strengthen our immune system. Gut health and overall body health are closely linked and the fiber found in seaweed improves both. Seaweed increases the production of white blood cells, the cells that are responsible for fighting off invasive bacterial and viral infections in our body. Seaweed helps to increase the production of antibodies to generate an immune response against viral infections and increase the immunity. Seaweed is full of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, so that it will improve immune power and may protect infectious body from Covid 19.</em></p> Dr. K. Kavitha Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/707 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Studies On White Faecal Syndrome In Litopenaeus. vannamei (Boone, 1931) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/708 <p>The white faecal syndrome (WFS) of <em>Litopenaeus &nbsp;vannamei</em>&nbsp; has been carried out during the period of 2018 to 2019 in Vellar estuary aqua-farms, Parangipettai, South East coast of India.. The results of present study revealed that, WFS was observed in 43 days of culture on wards to up to 65 days of culture, thereafter no white faecal syndrome. The symptoms of WFS in-infected animals showed hepatopancreas and gut become white and pale yellow in colour, the infected gut in bulging and elastic nature. The performance of WFS infected ponds were showed poor growth (ADG 0.1 to 0.2g), and survival (45%) and increase in FCR (1:3.1). The incidence of WFS was high in low alkalinity (45-70ppm) and also present study showed the fresh water ponds less in WFS than the sea water ponds. The microbial load of <em>Vibrio</em> in WFS infected ponds was higher than the normal sea water and fresh water ponds. A total of 485 green and yellow colonies were isolated from TCBS agar plates. Significantly 368 colonies were identified such as <em>Vibrio paraheamolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. mimicus, V. damsel, V. anguillarum, V. cholera, V. harveyi, V. splendidus, V. fluvialis </em>and <em>V. alginolyticus</em>. Among these, the maximum percentage (40.48) in <em>V. parahaemolyticus </em>and minimum (2.44) in <em>V. damsel.</em> &nbsp;The histopathological investigation revealed that the hepatopancreas is smaller in size , atrophied tubular cells and absence of storage vacuoles. The gut, loss of gut fiber structure, expansion of the sarcomeric space, degeneration of basement membrane and inner lining of epithelial cells filled with gut cavity and damaged gill filament and darkening due to secondary infection of &nbsp;WFS infected animals.</p> P. MAYAVU , S. SHANMUGASUNDRAM Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/708 Fri, 26 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Computational Fluid Dynamic Analysis of Abrasive Jet Nozzles https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/709 <p>Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM) utilizes mechanical energy and is one of the advanced machining processes. Energy in its direct form is acting for metal removal. The erosion takes place due to high speed abrasive particles mixed with carrier gas. Micro abrasive particles are propelled by a pressurized air of different velocities. AJM includes drilling, grinding, honing, and deburring. The common nozzle shapes used for machining by AJM are rectangular or circular. In the present work a conical nozzle with convergent hole is introduced. This present work investigates the flow of abrasive particles in the inlet of the convergent nozzle. A 3D model of a nozzle design and size of abrasive particles was carried out for the erosion process is done in CREO software of Computer Aided Design (CAD). The different machining conditions for the abrasive flow at inlet and outlet of the nozzle is analyzed by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation. The simulation results are analyzed, and the differences are identified. For each nozzle diameter (1mm, 2mm, 3mm) the analysis is made at different pressures and velocities. The influence of inlet nozzle velocity, pressure, nozzle diameter and Stand Off Distance (SOD) on the abrasive flow is investigated and the results are presented.</p> Dr.D.V. Sreekanth, Dr.Saurav Das, Dr. P. Santosh Kumar Patra, Dr.M.Sreenivasa Rao Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/709 Thu, 18 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology In Early Childhood Classrooms In A Nigerian State https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/710 <p>The paper was designed to ascertain influence of information and communication technology in early childhood classrooms in a Nigerian state. Three research questions guided the study while three hypotheses were formulated and tested. Descriptive survey research design was utilized and it was carried out in Imo state. A total of 270 nursery school teachers were selected from the 27 local government areas in Imo State. A 23 item questionnaire was developed from literature and used to obtain data for the study. The questionnaire was validated by seven lecturers of Early Childhood Education. Cronbach alpha was used to determine internal consistency of the questionnaire which yielded a coefficient of 0.86. Data collected were analyzed using mean while t-test statistic was used to test null hypotheses. Mean cut off point of 2.50 was applied in decision making thus items with mean values of 2.50 or above was interpreted as agreed while items with mean less than 2.50 were interpreted as disagree. For the null hypotheses, they were upheld if the calculated level of significance was greater than 0.05 or otherwise rejected. The findings reveal ten roles of ICT in the learning environment of primary school pupils, seven challenges of utilizing ICT in nursery school classrooms and six roles of teachers in integrating ICT within the nursery school classroom. The findings also reveal that that gender, years of experience and age of teachers had no statistical significance on the opinions of the teachers. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the state government should provide the funds needed to purchase ICT resources needed by nursery school pupils which are expensive; and Local governments should organize training/retraining for teachers in schools within their jurisdiction on the use of ICT for teaching nursery school kids so as to achieve the aims of utilizing ICT for learning among the children.</p> OKPALA, O. P, ONYENWE, C. Y., NWAUBANI, U. H , OBIJIOFOR, E. O. Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/710 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Knowledge And Practice Of Post-Abortion Care By Midwives In Selected Primary Health Care Facilities In Ashanti Region, Ghana https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/711 <p>In Ghana, abortion-related mortality is considered a major public health issue that needs to be addressed. Midwives have been trained to safely and effectively provide post-abortion care in the country, yet the expected decline in maternal deaths from abortion complications especially in the rural settings is yet to be realized. The Primary Healthcare (PHC) facilities being the first point of contact for the rural populace, there is minimal evidence on the capacity of midwives serving there to provide post-abortion care. This study assessed the knowledge and practice of post abortion care among midwives in selected primary healthcare (PHC) facilities in Ashanti region of Ghana. A cross sectional descriptive survey design that utilized a multi-staged sampling of all registered primary health facilities in Ashanti region of Kumasi, with the selection of 16 PHCs comprising both government (11) and private (5) owned, from which 112 participants were recruited. A pre-tested structured, self-developed questionnaire was employed to obtain information from the study participants. Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS version 21. A total of 109 questionnaires were accurately completed out of 112 administered, giving a response rate of 97.3%. The midwives’ knowledge of post abortion care was mainly in the areas of PAC as treatment for abortion complications 49(36%), while knowledge on the other PAC components was low. Only 63(58%) of the respondents had training on PAC, which was basically on the use of MVA to treat incomplete abortion 52(41%). Among the 70(64%) respondents who indicated that their PHC facilities provide PAC services, only 72(66%) of them actually carried out post abortion care. Reasons advanced by the other 39(36%) who never carried out PAC were lack of; confidence 30(815), skills 27(73%), and knowledge 20(54%). The study recommended that training PHC midwives in all components of post-abortion care is a feasible and acceptable strategy for decentralizing PAC services and reaching out to the neglected rural populace. This aspect of reproductive health need to be re-emphasize in midwifery training curricula, buttress with regular mandatory continuing professional development in this area to improve skills.</p> Alberta David Nsemo, Idang Neji Ojong, Adusei Bofa Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/711 Fri, 26 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Reading Habits Among The College Students In Academic Contexts https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/712 <p>Reading was the passion of all the most significant personalities. Thus, reading habit influences, in particular, the promotion of one’s personal development and social progress in general. Regular and systematic reading sharpens the mind, refines the emotions, elevates tastes and provides perspectives for one’s life, thereby preparing an individual to participate actively in social, religious, cultural and political life. The drive of this study is to investigate the reading habits in educational contexts of university students. A sample of 120 college students using the college library was selected adopting simple random sampling technique. The findings of the study were that there was a significant difference between male and female students and their reading habit. There was no significant difference between arts and science students and their reading habit. There was no significant difference between rural and urban students and their reading habit. Their reading habits between Tamil and English medium students were not significantly different.</p> Dr G. Vijayalakshmi Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/712 Thu, 18 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Effects Of Coronavirus In Thoothukudi District https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/713 <p>This study analyses the COVID-19 situation in Thoothukudi district and discusses the socio-economic impact, policy response and opportunities.</p> <p>The objectives of this study are</p> <ol> <li>To study the socio-economic outline of the sample</li> <li>To know the time spend in a day during the lockdown&nbsp;</li> <li>To analyse the impact of personal life, income and relationships&nbsp;during the lockdown&nbsp;period.</li> <li>To examine the social distancing norms affected emotions, feelings and other aspects of your overall physical and psychological well-being and</li> <li>To find the level of satisfaction regarding government remedial measures for controlling COVID-19.</li> </ol> K.Sankaranarayanan Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/713 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Multidisciplinary approach and consensus of opinions: necessary options for curbing challenges affecting private real estate project implementation success. https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/714 <p>There has been growing concern on the need for multidisciplinary approach as well as consensus in tacking identified factors affecting private real estate projects implementation success, in a bit to tackle the above the study identified factors that affects private real estate project implementation success, in addition it noted that there is tussle amongst various professionals on who is best to handle implementation private real estate projects, and that several reasons where largely responsible for lack of consensus in the opinion of relevant professionals which includes their level of experience in the industry, level of education and training as well as lack of adequate knowledge of sisters-professions role in real estate project implementation in the industry. The work also determined the extent to which absence of consensus on the factors that affect implementation success. In the statistical analysis done using one-way ANOVA it was discovered that there was statistical difference in the opinion of real estate professional with regards to the impact of the identified factors on private real estate project implementation success. The recommended a synergy amongst the professional this will help to appreciate the multidisciplinary nature of the real estate industry.</p> Ifediora, Christian Osita , Efobi Dumebi Jessica Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/714 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology In Early Childhood Classrooms In A Nigerian State https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/715 <p>The paper was designed to ascertain influence of information and communication technology in early childhood classrooms in a Nigerian state. Three research questions guided the study while three hypotheses were formulated and tested. Descriptive survey research design was utilized and it was carried out in Imo state. A total of 270 nursery school teachers were selected from the 27 local government areas in Imo State. A 23 item questionnaire was developed from literature and used to obtain data for the study. The questionnaire was validated by seven lecturers of Early Childhood Education. Cronbach alpha was used to determine internal consistency of the questionnaire which yielded a coefficient of 0.86. Data collected were analyzed using mean while t-test statistic was used to test null hypotheses. Mean cut off point of 2.50 was applied in decision making thus items with mean values of 2.50 or above was interpreted as agreed while items with mean less than 2.50 were interpreted as disagree. For the null hypotheses, they were upheld if the calculated level of significance was greater than 0.05 or otherwise rejected. The findings reveal ten roles of ICT in the learning environment of primary school pupils, seven challenges of utilizing ICT in nursery school classrooms and six roles of teachers in integrating ICT within the nursery school classroom. The findings also reveal that that gender, years of experience and age of teachers had no statistical significance on the opinions of the teachers. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the state government should provide the funds needed to purchase ICT resources needed by nursery school pupils which are expensive; and Local governments should organize training/retraining for teachers in schools within their jurisdiction on the use of ICT for teaching nursery school kids so as to achieve the aims of utilizing ICT for learning among the children.</p> OKPALA, O. P, ONYENWE, C. Y., NWAUBANI, U. H, OBIJIOFOR, E. O Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/715 Thu, 04 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Impact Of Ict On Quality Education Delivery In Tertiary Institutions In Nigeria: A Case Of Federal College Of Education (Technical), Asaba, Delta State https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/716 <p><em>The study assessed the impact of ICT on quality education delivery in tertiary institutions in Nigeria using Federal College of Education, Asaba as case Study. Four research questions and two hypotheses were adopted for the study. The study adopted a survey research design. The target population of the study was 379 respondents (lecturers) in the College</em><em>.</em><em> Taro Yamene’s formula was used to derive 195 respondents that served as sample of the study. One hundred and twenty 120 copies of the instrument (representing 62%) were retrieved and used for the study.</em> <em>Data were collected from respondents using structured questionnaire and analyzed using frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Pearson product moment correlation was used to test the hypotheses. The result revealed that most ICT equipment required for teaching and learning in the College were not available in the school. ICT equipment available in the College was rarely utilized by lecturers. However, few ICT equipment available in the College reasonably enhanced quality educational process. Problems confronting the ICT usage in the school were insufficient ICT facilities and unsophisticated accessories, lecturers’ lack of ICT knowledge/skills, poor attitude of management towards ICT attitudes, not enough simultaneous access to ICT facility, and not enough supervision staff and lack of technical assistance. The study recommended among others that ICT facilities should be made adequately available by administration of higher institutions such that lecturers can utilize them in their offices and classroom. This is necessary because ICTs are regarded as integral parts of teaching and research in universities. Training programme should be organized by school management for lecturers in the College who are not competent in operating ICT equipment. This training will enhance the use of ICT in teaching and learning process.</em></p> DOMINIC NGOZI PATIENCE, EMMANUEL OSHILONYA, GIFT EMANUEL NDAEYOH Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/716 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Phraseological Units With Religious Semantics As The Object Of Studying Theolinguistics https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/717 <p>The article highlights the problems of the theolinguistics as a new science, describes the role of religion in society through phraseological units with religious semantics. The structural and semantic changes of phraseological units with religious semantics in the Russian and Uzbek languages are analyzed for the historical dynamics of national culture.</p> Sultanova Shokhista Mukhammadjanovna Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/717 Fri, 26 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Rise of Female Education in the Princely State of Travancore https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/718 <p><em>The state of Kerala formed out of three princely states such as Travancore, Cochin and Malabar.&nbsp; This state has a long tradition of women’s education going back to the earliest times. In the matter of education Kerala stood forefront from ancient times. During the Sangam age literature shows that education was universal in Kerala. But the progress of aryanization and the consequent increase in the hold of caste system caused a decline of general education particularly female education. At the end of the 18<sup>th</sup> century and the beginning of the 19<sup>th</sup> century witnessed tremendous change in the society of Travancore, of one the three princely states of Kerala. This period of educational history has laid the foundation of modern education. In Travancore direct intervention of the state in the field of education began in 1817, when the Rani Gouri Parvathi Bhai issued the Royal Rescript. The beginning of the modern education in Travancore was made by Christian missionaries. Their education system created a new direction to the women in Travancore. The aim of missionaries in setting up female school was to raise the social status of women and to liberate them from the existing social evils like untouchability and caste feelings. </em></p> Dr. Ardra. S Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/718 Fri, 05 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 “A Study on Emergence of E-recruitment and its Success Factor” https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/719 <p>The increase in the growth of the usage of internet over the pastseveral yearshas been advanced to conduct the businesses like all the activities involved in business and specially the human resource management. To put the right person at the right place is one in every of the most important challenges for Human Resource Department. Nowadays, on-line recruitment has becomea major source for the recruitment of Human Resource. It is a good tool for achievement as a result of it saves the cost incurred for the process of recruitment and selection. The MNC uses several strategies additionally accessible for International Corporation i.e. their website, resume banks, job boards or the advertisement of the newspaper. This paper discussed about the concern of the basic theory of e-recruitment from the angle of job aspirants. As compared to traditional technique of recruitment, online-recruiting processes provides a rise within the firm’s potency by lowering the cost of recruitment and deals advantages and openings to job aspirants directly. The findings of this study are that job aspirants use the various primary drivers for following the web recruitment job and therefore the technological development of a company act as successful factor of e-recruitment.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Shaniya Noor Fatima, Dr. Kahkashan Khan Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/719 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Corporate Social Responsibility and its impact on the profitability of select Companies in India-An Empirical Study https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/720 <p><em>Corporate Social Responsibility of the companies depends upon Profit earned by them or if company had created some fund towards corporate social responsibility and intention to do some welfare activities for the benefit of society. The present study made an attempt to examine Quantum of CSR Expenditure and analyze the impact of CSR on Net Profit of the company for the subsequent year and company spends the CSR Expenditure as per the standard norms among select companies in India. For the purpose of the study, researcher have identified eight sectors viz. Cement, Steel, Pharmaceuticals, Automobiles, Oil and Gas, Fast Moving Consumer Goods, Chemical and Fertilizers and Mining. To analyse the data ANOVA,</em><em> KMO and Bartlett's Test, Multiple Regression and</em><em> factor analysis has been used. There is no significant difference in the CSR Practices with respect to different sectors of industries and Ownership of companies. Net profit of companies is significantly influenced by factors like CSR expenditure and type of ownership. The Net profit of the companies is related to Corporate Social Performance, Financial Performances, Revenue, CSR status, Returns and Ownership.</em></p> Dr. Pravin D Sawant Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/720 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Study On Customer’s Perception Towards Internet Banking In Indian Banking Sector https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/721 <p><em>In today's demanding world, everybody needs instant banking solutions for a better lifestyle. In the current scenario, almost every bank in India has the internet banking facility. Online banking or internet banking made things much easier for the people and saves lot of time. Research shows that impact of Internet banking on cost savings, revenue growth and increased customer satisfaction on Industry is tremendous and can be a potential tool for building a sound strategy. However, it has raised many public policy issues before the banking regulators and government agencies .Interestingly, reliable and systematic information on the scope of Internet banking in Indian context is still not sufficient, particularly what it means to the consumers and the bankers. This study aims at evaluating services quality of online banking in Cuttack city, of Odisha. This paper mainly evaluates the customer’s perception towards online banking services from various customers of public sector banks. Structured questionnaire is administered to various target groups. The study&nbsp; &nbsp;mainly wants to investigate the four important elements of online banking i.e. Efficiency, Responsiveness, Reliability, and Privacy of customer information. The paper presents the data, drawn from a survey of Internet banking consumers from banks and develops a functional model for maximizing value to the consumers. Data was analysed &nbsp;to investigate the service quality of internet banking. </em></p> Dr .Suprava Sahu Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/721 Wed, 24 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Perception Of Undergraduate Students’ Towards Distance Education For Higher Studies: With Special Reference To Chennai Region https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/733 <p><em>Education plays a vital role in deciding the Credibility of an individual as well as on Nation. Any country that achieves greater heights in literacy rate tends to excel in all sorts of commercial and economical parameters. In India after the post British colonization era, education has penetrated deep in to the remote locations around the country. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has taken numerous steps in taking education to all citizens with much flexibility. In lieu with this the distance education comes in to picture for many students. Correspondence and distance education provides a step up platform for many students to continue their educational journey rather than putting an end card. This study was undertaken with several parameters to understand the preferences of undergraduate students for taking up postgraduate courses either in full time or through distance mode. The findings of the study will help us to understand the perception of UG students regarding their educational progress and circumstances that decides their progression towards selection of higher studies. The ongoing expansion of education system in India has penetrated to most regions. But the barriers that are blocking the students from taking up their enrolment are still thinkable.</em></p> Dr.P.Manivannan, Mr. S. Mohammed Hussain, Mr.N.Vivek, Dr.D.Kesavan Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/733 Tue, 21 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Gray Wolf Optimization Based Enhanced Long Short Term Memory Neural Network For Sentiment Trend Mining https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/734 <p>Sentiment mining is considered as the trending topic of research in determining the potential of the product. Different methodologies are employed through which the information is propagated to produce positive or negative mood about a person or an event. In particular, the sentiment analysis domain includes the benefits of opinion mining for estimating the peoples’ action in reactive to the action taken by the government. In this paper, a Gray Wolf Optimization (GWO)-based Enhanced Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) Neural Network Scheme (GWO-ELSTM-NNS) for opinion mining is proposed for effective prediction of the semantics and decisive conclusions determined from the process. The text and emojis of the text related to the tweets are mined separately for successive aggregation that aids in the indispensable generation of opinion polarity interpreted in the tweet. In this scheme, the historical data pertaining to the emojis associated with opinions are used for training the LSTM in order to minimize its prediction error in the opinion mining process. The simulation experiments of the proposed MGCNN_FLSTMproved its superior performance in terms of adaptability and reliability in terms of accuracy, precision and recall value. It is also identified to be potentially detected sarcasm in majority of the tweets based on significant estimation of emojis and text polarity.</p> K.K.Uma, Dr.S.Akilandeswari, Dr.K.Meenakshisundaram Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/734 Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Structure Of The Underground Water Monitoring Algorithm Based On Remote Sensing Of The Earth https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/735 <p><em>The article presents the structure of the study of hydrogeological monitoring of groundwater based on remote sensing of the earth. In the article, a groundwater monitoring structure has been developed to study hydrogeological processes based on the modern ERDAS Imagine software environment. The ERDAS Imagine system allows you to directly view and process files of various vector and raster formats, as well as has extensive import and export capabilities for determining groundwater. The effectiveness of groundwater monitoring is to determine the wet layer of a given satellite image area.</em></p> Seytnazarov Kuanishbay Kenesbaevich, Dosymbetov Allayar Muxambetmustapayevich, Jaksulikov Shariyar Alliyar uli Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/735 Tue, 21 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ritual Of Sports Fire In Uzbekistan - As A Socio-Motivational Basis For The Three-Stage System Of Mass Sports And Health Work https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/736 <p>The article discusses the impact of the sports fire ritual on the formation of social and personal motivation of youth to physical activity and sports, as well as its use as a tool for involving students in national mass competitions.</p> M.Akhmatov, S.Tajibaev, A.Amanov, Sh.Norkulov Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/736 Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Need of Reforms in Higher Education in India: For Global Standard https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/737 <p>The global ranking of universities are depends on an evaluation of the institutional performance within the areas of quality research and teaching, infrastructure, achievements and reputation of college members, performance of employers, availability of resources , enrolment of international students, sports related facilities and other extension and curricula activities etc. Accreditation for higher learning is overseen by 15 autonomous institutions established by the University Grants Commission, whereas, the measure of quality assurance India established accreditation agencies in 1994. Indian education is in need of radical reforms.</p> Dr.Indu Bala Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/737 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Sustainable treatment of end of life vehicle in India -An overview https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/738 <p><em>A well balanced systematic improvement in transportation is sure to lead the economy towards development, by ensuring the free flow of goods and services and thus adding fire to the trade and commerce. The increased population and per capita income of the middle class population in India fuel to the demand for personalised means of transportation. The use of motorized mean of transportation had resulted in the increase of household income. The unbalanced growth of increased demand and improper supply of transportation has resulted in many problems like congestion, accidents, crimes etc</em><em>( Kar &amp; Datta, 2009)</em><em>.This article&nbsp; examining the sustainable treatment of end of life vehicle in India.</em></p> Asha Neendur, Dr Rejimon Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/738 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Study On The Demographic Profile And Contribution Of Women Entrepreneurs With Special Reference To Kumbakonam Taluk https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/739 <p>Entrepreneurs are beyond a sense of doubt the rock and pillar of any economy in the world. Since much has been done for equal rights and participation of women in every aspect of life it is imperative that we consider their contribution in economic empowerment and development of a nation. Thus the study here has an objective of making a study on the demographic profile of women entrepreneurs in Kumbakonam Taluk of Thanjavur district, Tamilnadu and their contribution towards the economy as afore mentioned. The study undertaken includes responses from 396 respondents who are divided into being officially registered with competent authorities and those who have not done so. Appropriate statistical tools have been made use of wherever necessary to present empirical evidence supporting the findings. Accordingly the researchers have provided suggestions and arrived at a conclusion as to the extent of contribution to the society by women entrepreneurs in Kumbakonam Taluk.</p> Mr. A. Adarsh Mittal , Dr. G. Vani Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/739 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ict Is An Integral Strategy For Crimes Prevention And Detection https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/740 <p><em>Over the years, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has turned our cultures and has been impossible in the past, into an essential part of one's existence. And over half of civilization in the world is digitally connected, and the direction it is moving would grow more. In India, for example, there is a transformation in the application of ICT in almost all disciplines. ICT, though, not only offers advantages but at the same time has risks in the context of cybercrime. Today, cybercrime is growing as a significant global threat in cyberspace. It affects all stakeholders from agencies, business sectors, civil society organizations, and even individual citizens. ICT and other emerging tools are now a valuable resource for reacting to criminals, intervening in policing hotspots, addressing serious offenses, tracking personnel morale, and several other tasks. Technologies such as CCTV, ICT tools, heat control, biometrics, GPS tracking, Web and telephone services are used for the deterrence, identification, analysis, and prosecution of violence in the law enforcement and defense industries. The text suggested that a range of strategies for identifying and stopping crime based on the usage of ICT-related devices such as CCTV, GPS, surveillance systems, etc. could be widely implemented. </em></p> Muhammad Muhammad Suleiman, Muhammed Kuliya, Dr. Aminu Zubairu Surajo, Jamilu Musa Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/740 Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Employees Group Insurance Development In Indian Public And Private Sectors - A Review https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/741 <p><em>The present paper is giving portrait pictures of the group insurance benefits to the employees are working in the private and public sectors undertakings. The author has studied the group insurance meaning, the previous scheme of group insurance - employees deposit linked insurance (EDLI), the new paradigm of group insurance, insurance sector in India present scenario, list of life insurance companies, list of general insurance companies, group insurance in India, the expected growth of premium of group insurance business in 2019-20, descriptive and linear regression value of group new business performance of life insurers - channel-wise, descriptive and linear regression value of group insurance claims admitted and paid, Indian public and private sector insurance companies progress, review of literature, and marketing target of insurance companies. The present article will help the academic community to do further research on group insurance concepts in India.&nbsp; </em></p> Dr. R. Latha Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/741 Wed, 29 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Compliance And Effectiveness Of Tax Deduction At Source (Tds) Mechanism In India: A Scrutiny Assessment https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/742 <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span lang="EN-PH">The provisions of Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) were introduced with the objectives to reduce tax evasion, to maximize tax collection by minimizing the collection cost &amp; to make sure that government get collection of tax revenue throughout the year. In India, around 39% of total income tax revenue is collected through TDS mechanism. Therefore, TDS mechanism of India calls for a critical examination. This article will critically analyse the functioning of “Tax Deducted at Source mechanism” in India &amp; to judge the extent to which these objectives are achieved. The present study is an analytical study and based on secondary data covering 19 years i.e. from 2002 to 2019. </span></p> Kamal Kumar Varma, Dr. Sanjeeb Kumar Dey Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/742 Tue, 21 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Understanding Of Customer Loyalty In Indian Banking Sector Through Servqual https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/743 <p>With a GDP growth of 6.8 per cent in 2018-19 <em>(source: </em><a href="https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/gdp-first-advance-estimates-predict-economic-growth-at-5-in-2019-2020-120010700990_1.html">https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/gdp-first-advance-estimates-predict-economic-growth-at-5-in-2019-2020-120010700990_1.html</a> ). Services sector with an annual growth rate of 10% contributes 61% to the GDP. With 18 public sector banks, 22 private sector banks, 46 foreign banks, 53 regional rural banks, 1,542 urban cooperative banks and 94,384 rural cooperative banks TILL SEPTEMBER 2019 (<a href="https://www.ibef.org/industry/banking-india.aspx">https://www.ibef.org/industry/banking-india.aspx</a>) , in addition to cooperative credit institutions Indian banking sector is all set to change the dynamics of Indian economy. With a total contribution of 54.15 % to the GDP, services sector has tremendous growth potential for the Indian economy. &nbsp;Banking Sector contributes 8% to GDP and thus holds a tremendous possibility for &nbsp;Indian customers with the infusion technology in the post liberalized era. Banking sector in India has tremendous promise of growth in times to come. Banks whether foreign, PSU’s, private all are approaching customers with the state of the art services backed by tremendous technology. Banks in India leaving no stone unturned to create customer delight on sustainable basis. In this research paper there is a sincere effort to find out the impact of SERVQUAL dimensions on customer loyalty for a particular bank. The researcher used structured questionnaires for data collection. Various statistical tools like mean, standard deviation and regression analysis have been injected for the data analysis and representation of the findings.</p> DINDAYAL SWAIN Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/743 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 How the light pollution is growing in the purba medinipur district, and as well as what has affecting on the environment https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/744 <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong><em>In a present time light is a necessary resource for human being. Without light, impossible to spend the night time and some case day time in human life. Lights are useful but can be dangerous due to unplanned used. Like other pollution, the light environment is polluted. Light pollution of an "excessive and inappropriate artificial light" and here "unwanted consequence of outdoor lighting and includes such effects as sky glow, light trespass, and glare". Since it has harmful effects on the environment as well as the human life, then we have taken the research work. The main aim of my study is this, how the increase light pollution on the purba Medinipur district and where it is influence on the environment. Has been used methodology, in three steps for this study. Here first step is topic selection and literature review, second step is problem related data collection and last step is interpreted and result discussion. Over all study, we observed light pollution is a role are being playing for environmental pollution in this region. The main reason of light pollution is unplanned light and some natural activity could be called. The light cannot be completely canceled in this time, but a proper planning can reduce light pollution.</em></p> Souvik Mondal Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/744 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 A Transfermatery Phase In The History And Progress Of Ezhava Education https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/745 <p><em>Ezhava are a branch of a great and widespread race of people that occupies South Tinnevelly, Travancore and the Malabar cost as far as the Tulu country. In the far South costs they are known as Shanars, in Central Travancore as Ezhavas, from Quilon to Paravoor&nbsp; Chogans; in Malabar as far as Calicut they bare called Tiyyas. Ezhavas belonging to the highest division of the lowest classes. Poor but not paupers, rude and or lettered. In some respect in the position of the Ezhavas in the scale of castes in peculiar. They were not allowed to enter the Temples, the public Schools and Courts of Justice, The Ezhavas were strictly prohibited from entering the public Schools. These social customs made the lives of the Ezhava community in credibly pathetic. At the end of the 19<sup>th</sup> century a silent revolution was set with in the community by Sree Narayana Guru, Dr.Palpu and Kumaranasan. This inaugurated the process of resurrection, education through temples. He led them from darkness to light through education. It is a historical fact that Sree Narayana Guru launched his educational programme through temples.&nbsp; Dr.Palpu had got involved in many social activities. Ones such activity was to privately help students who were bright but unable to pursue their studies because of poverty. He also showed an enthusiasm to work incessantly for the emancipation of his own community and other downtrodden communities. Kumaranasan played a dynamic role. His voice and his call for figfht were listened to eagerly. Considered seriously and implemented speedily. He was everywhere in the press and on the platform and on the floor of the Legislative Assembly.</em></p> ARUN. A.S, Dr.E.Ravi Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/745 Wed, 15 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Forward Caste Organisation Make a mark in the Socio Reform Movement in Kerala - Nair Sevice Society https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/746 <p><em>The present paper aims to highlight a traditional history of Nair service society.This society a forward caste organization which mainly stood for the upliftment of Nairs in Kerala.The conditions of Nair caste in kerala in a worse and sympathethic one.Thus the present paper explains the history of Nair service society.The evening of 31<sup>st</sup>&nbsp; october 1914 as the important in the life of Mannath Padmanabhan.It is equally important in the history of the Nair community.The origin of the organisation at the Mannath house at the organisation at the Mannath house at perunna,changanassery.Sri.Mannath padmanabhan as the founding father of the organization.The prime aim of the organization that is the welfare of Nairs,in specially and welfare of everyone in generally.The organisation providing activities for the upliftment of kerala society.The paper focused the study of history of a social reform organization.The organisation played a pivotable role in the renaissance of Kerala. Education had created a renaissance in India.In the same way Nair service society provided education and opened number of educational institutions from primary level to the higher level.The history of the organisation as the history of awakening of kerala &nbsp;society.Their history as the part or chapter of kerala history.The Nair service society worked as the model of servants of India society by Gopalakrishna Ghokhale.Servants of India society had much influence on this society.K.Paramupillai suggested the name Nair service society-a society to serve the Nair community.The society as a forward caste organisation,but benefits of their activities are providing everyone without any caste or colour,creed or sex.</em></p> Veena V. Nair , Dr.A.Vanaja Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/746 Wed, 15 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Ict Is An Integral Strategy For Crimes Prevention And Detection https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/747 <p><em>Over the years, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has turned our cultures and has been impossible in the past, into an essential part of one's existence. And over half of civilization in the world is digitally connected, and the direction it is moving would grow more. In India, for example, there is a transformation in the application of ICT in almost all disciplines. ICT, though, not only offers advantages but at the same time has risks in the context of cybercrime. Today, cybercrime is growing as a significant global threat in cyberspace. It affects all stakeholders from agencies, business sectors, civil society organizations, and even individual citizens. ICT and other emerging tools are now a valuable resource for reacting to criminals, intervening in policing hotspots, addressing serious offenses, tracking personnel morale, and several other tasks. Technologies such as CCTV, ICT tools, heat control, biometrics, GPS tracking, Web and telephone services are used for the deterrence, identification, analysis, and prosecution of violence in the law enforcement and defense industries. The text suggested that a range of strategies for identifying and stopping crime based on the usage of ICT-related devices such as CCTV, GPS, surveillance systems, etc. could be widely implemented. </em></p> Muhammad Muhammad Suleiman, Muhammed Kuliya, Dr. Aminu Zubairu Surajo, Jamilu Musa Copyright (c) https://www.academicleadership.org/index.php/alj/article/view/747 Wed, 22 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000